New Testament

 Renouncing the Scribes and the Pharisees 

Matthew 23

Then Iēsous spoke to the crowds and to his disciples 2 saying: Upon the seat of Mōsēs the scribes and Pharisees sit. 3 All therefore that they say to you, do and keepa, but do not be doing according to their deedsb, for they say and do not do. 4 They bind heavy burdens and place them on the shoulders of peoplec, but they will not move them with their finger. 5 But all their worksb they do to be seen by peoplec, for the enlarge their phylacteries and lengthen their hems, 6 And they philia-love the place of honor in banquets and the first seats in the synagogues 7 and the salutations in the synagogues and to be called ‘Rabbi’ by peoplec. 8 But do not be called ‘Rabbi’d, for one is your teacher, and all of you are brothers. 9 And do not call anyone your father on the earth, for one is your father in the heavensA. 10 neither be called ‘leaders’e, for your leadere is one, the Christ. 11 But the greater of you will be your servantf. 12 But whoever exaltsg himself shall be humbledh, and whoever humblesh himself shall be exaltedg.

13 But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, for you shut the kingdom of the heavens before humanityc. For you yourselves do not enter, neither do you permit the entering to enter. 14 B Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, for you devour widow’s houses and in pretense make long prayers. Because of this you will receive greater judgment. 15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, for you travel about sea and land to make one proselyte, and whenever he is made, you make him twice the son of Gehennaj you are.

16 Woe to you, blind guides who say: Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gold in the temple, he is obligatedk. 17 Foolsl and blind, for which is greater, the gold or the temple which made the gold holy? 18 And: Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gift upon it, he is obligatedk. 19 Foolsl andC blind, for which is greater, the gift or the altar making the gift holy? 20 Therefore the one who swore by the altar swears by it and by all upon it, 21 and the one who swore by the temple swears by it and by whatm inhabits it, 22 and the one who swore by heaven swears by the throne of God and the one sitting on it.

23 Woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, for you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and omit the weightier things of the Law: judgement and mercy and faith. These you ought to do and not leave the others undone. 24 Blind guides, straining out a gnat, but swallowing a camel.

25 Woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, because you clean the outside of the cup and dish, but within they are full of robberyn and self-indulgenceo. 26 Blind Pharisees, first clean the inside of the cup that the outside also may become clean.

27 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, because you are like white-washed graves that outside appear lovelyp, but inside are full of bones and every uncleanness. 28 Thus outside you also seem justq to peoplec, but inside you are full of hypocrisyr and lawlessness.

29 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocritesi, for you build the tombs of the prophets and adorn the graves of the justq, 30 and you say: If we were in the days of our fathers, we would not have been their partners in the blood of the prophets. 31 Thus you witness against yourselves that you are sons of those having murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up then the measure of your fathers. 33 Serpents, generation of vipers, how will you flee from the judgment of Gehennaj? 34 Therefore, behold I send to you prophets and wises and scribes. Some you will kill and crucify, and some you will flogt in you synagogues and persecute from city to city,

35 in order that all the justq blood come upon you poured upon the earth from the blood of justq Habel until Zecharias son of Barachias, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 36 Truly I say to you, he will bring all these things upon this generation.

 Lament over Hierosoluma 

37 Hierosoluma Hierosoluma, who killed the prophets and stoned those sent to you, how often I would gather your children, just as a bird gathers her chicks under her wings, and you would not. 38 Behold your house is abandoned to you desolate. 39 For I say to you, you will notu see me from now until you will sayv:

Blessedw is the one coming in the name of the Lord.

a TĒREŌ/τηρέω: to guard, protect; in the case of a commandment — to obey it. See the Glossary: TĒREŌ/τηρέω.(↩3)

b ERGON/ἔργον: work, deed. See the Glossary: ERGON/ἔργον(↩3, 5)

c ANThRŌPOS/ἄνθρωπος: humanity in general — not gender specific. See the Semantic Domain: Man/Woman/Humanity.(↩4, 5, 7, 13, 28)

d means “Teacher”’. Compare 1Tim.2:7, 2Tim.1:11.(↩8)

e KAThĒGĒTĒS/καθηγητής: teacher, tutor. See the Glossary: KAThĒGĒTĒS/καθηγητής(↩10)

f DIKAONOS/διάκονος: servant. See the Glossary: DIKAONOS/διάκονος and the Semantic Domain: Slave/Servant.(↩11)

g UPsOŌ/ὑψόω: lift up. See the Glossary: UPSOŌ/ὑψόω(↩12)

h TAPEINOŌ/ταπεινόω: to humble oneself. See the Glossary: TAPEINOS/ταπεινός(↩12)

i hUPOKRITĒS/ὑποκριτής: hypocrite. See the Glossary: hUPOKRITĒS/ὑποκριτής(↩13, 14, 15, 23, 25, 27, 29)

j GEENNA/γέεννα: Gehenna. the Semantic Domain: Hell.(↩15, 33)

k OPhEILŌ/ὀφείλω: owe. See the Glossary: OPhEILĒ/ὀφειλή(↩16, 18)

l MŌROS/μωρός: foolish. See the Glossary: MŌROS/μωρός(↩17, 19)

m or “whom”(↩21)

n ARPAGĒ/ἁρπαγή: robbery, plunder. See the Glossary: ARPAZŌ/ἁρπάζω(↩25)

o AKRASIA/ἀκρασία: self-indulgent. See the Glossary: AKRASIA/ἀκρασία(↩25)

p hŌRAIOS/ὡραῖος: timely; lovely. See the Glossary: hŌRAIOS/ὡραῖος(↩27)

q DIKAIOS/δίκαιος: just, fair. See the Glossary: DIKĒ/δίκη(↩28, 29, 35)

r hUPOKRISIS/ὑπόκρισις: hypocrisy. See the Glossary: hUPOKRITĒS/ὑποκριτής(↩28)

s SOPhOS/σοφός: wise. See the Glossary: SOPhIA/σοφία(↩34)

t MASTIGOŌ/μαστιγόω: to flog. See the Glossary: MASTIX/μάστιξ(↩34)

u Double negative, indicating emphasis.(↩39)

v Ps.118:26(↩39)

w EULOGEŌ/εὐλογέω: to praise. From εὐ/EU (well) + λογος (word). See the Glossary: LOGOS/λόγος(↩39)

✣  ✣  ✣

A “your father in the heavens” DK most; “your heavenly father” few(↩9)

B include vs. 14: WK few; omit vs. 14: אBDH(↩14)

C “Fools and” BWK most; omit: אD(↩19)

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